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五一节的由来 The origin of May Day

http://www.chinesecio.com 2011年04月27日 10:10 网络孔子学院

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    五一国际劳动节 简称五一节,在每年的5月1日。它是全世界劳动人民的共同节日 。关于“五一节的由来”是这样的:
The International Labor Day is called May Day for short, which is on May 1st every year. It is the world labor people's common festival. The origin of May Day is as follows:

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    此节源于美国芝加哥的工人大罢工 。1886年5月1日,芝加哥的20多万工人为争取实行八小时工作制而举行大罢工,经过艰苦 的流血斗争 ,终于获得了胜利 。为纪念 这次工人运动,1889年7月14日,由各国马克思主义者召集的社会主义者代表大会,在法国巴黎隆重开幕 。大会上,与会代表一致同意:把5月1日定为国际无产阶级的共同节日。这一决议得到世界各国工人的积极响应。1890年5月1日,欧美各国的工人阶级率先走上街头,举行盛大的示威 游行 与集会,争取合法权益 。从此,每逢这一天世界各国的劳动人民都要集会、游行,以示庆祝
This festival originated from the workers’ strike of Chicago. On May 1st 1886, more than 200 thousand workers in Chicago hold a strike for practicing eight-hour day. They finally achieved victory through hard struggle. To commemorate this workers' movement, a socialist congress organized by Marxist social activists was grandly convened in Paris on July 14 1889. During the conference, delegates agreed: set May 1st as an international proletarian common festival. The world workers all made active response. On May 1st 1890, working class of European and American countries held grand demonstrations and rallies on streets, fighting for their legal rights. From then on, Labor people of the whole world would hold assemblies and processions to celebrate May Day.
    中国 人民庆祝劳动节的活动 可追溯至1918年。这年,一些革命 的知识分子在上海 苏州 等地向群众散发介绍 “五一”的传单 。1920年5月1日,北京 、上海、广州等城市 的工人群众走上街头举行了声势浩大的游行、集会。新中国成立后,我国于1949 年12月将“五一”定为法定的劳动节。
The Chinese people celebrate the Labor Day activities can dates back to 1918. In that year, some progressive intellectuals distributed handbills to introduce May 1st Labor Day in Shanghai, Suzhou and some other places. Then on May 1st 1920, some workers in Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou and other industrial cities gave a large-scale congregation and parade. After the foundation of the PRC, the central government set May 1st as a statutory festival in December 1949.

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