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元宵节 Lantern Festival (Yuanxiao Festival)

http://www.chinesecio.com 2011年02月10日 14:39 网络孔子学院

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正月 十五吃元宵的习俗由来已久,元宵也叫“汤圆”、“圆子”。据说元宵象征合家团圆 ,吃元宵意味新的一年合家幸福 、万事如意。


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The 15th day of the first Chinese lunar month is the Chinese Lantern Festival. At this time, people will try to solve the puzzles on the lanterns and eat yuanxiao (glutinous rice ball) and get all their families united in the joyful atmosphere.

元宵节 闹花灯的习俗起源于道教的“三元说”;正月十五日为上元节,七月十五日为中元节,十月十五日为下元节。主管上、中、下三元的分别为天、地、人三官,天官喜乐,故上元节要燃灯。元宵节的节期与节俗活动,是随历史 发展

而延长、扩展的。就节期长短而言,汉代才一天,到 代已为三天, 代则长达五天, 代更是自初八点灯,一直到正月十七的夜里才落灯,整整十天。与春节相接,白昼为市,热闹 非凡,夜间燃灯,蔚为壮观 。特别是那精巧 、多彩的灯火,更使其成为春节期间娱乐活动的高潮。至 代,又增加了舞龙、舞狮、跑旱船

踩高跷 扭秧歌 等“百戏”内容,只是节期缩短为四到五天。
The first lunar month is called Yuan-month and in the ancient times people called night Xiao. The 15th day is the first night to see a full moon. So the day is also called Yuan Xiao Festival in China. The most prominent activity of the Yuanxiao Festival is the displaying of all types of beautiful lanterns. So the occasion is also called the Lantern Festival. According to the Chinese tradition, at the very beginning of a new year, when there is a bright full moon hanging in the sky, there should be thousands of colorful lanterns hung out for people to appreciate. The custom of lighting lanterns continued. However, the lanterns would develop from small simple ones to those of various color and shape. The scale of the celebration would also increase greatly.

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