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文化慢读:北京王府

http://www.chinesecio.com 2011年01月20日 10:00 网络孔子学院

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    王府文化是中华民族传统文化的重要组成部分,是连接宫廷文化和平民文化的桥梁,位于北京西城区前海西街的恭王府,是中国现存王府中保存最完整的清代王府,是中国的王府文化的代表。 The Prince's Mansion culture is the core part of traditional Chinese culture, which bridges imperial culture and normal citizen culture. The Prince Gong's Mansion, Gong Wang Fu, locates at Qianhai Xijie to the north of Shichahai, is the best preserved Qing Dynasty princely mansion and also a fine example of ancient Chinese Prince's Mansion culture.
    中国传统文化中,“风水”之学是中国特有的学问。北京据说有两条龙脉,一是土龙,即故宫的龙脉;二是水龙,指后海和北海一线,而恭王府正好在后海和北海之间的连接线上。 In ancient Chinese culture, the study of "Fengshui", geomancy, was one of the special cultures. It 's said that Beijing have 2 dragon veins, one is the earth vein, namely the vein of Forbidden City, another one is water vein, referring to the line of Houhai and Beihai, and it just so happened that Prince Gong's Mansion located on the joint of Houhai and Beijing, namely the dragon vein.
    “月牙河绕宅如龙蟠,西山远望如虎踞”,这是史书上对恭王府的描述。现存王府中保存最完整的恭亲王府,坐落在风景秀丽的北京什刹海的西南角的街巷之中。恭亲王府的前身原为清代乾隆朝权臣和珅的第宅和嘉庆皇帝的弟弟永璘的府邸。乾隆四十一年,即公元1776年,和珅开始在这东依前海,背靠后海的位置修建他的豪华宅第,时称“和第”。咸丰元年,即1851年,清末重要政治人物恭亲王奕?成为这所宅子的第三代主人,改名恭王府,恭王府之名由此沿用至今。“一座恭王府,半部清朝史”是历史地理学家侯仁之对恭王府的评价。 The note described Prince Gong's Mansion on history book goes" Surrounded by Crescent River like a dragon, overlook at the west mountain like a tiger". The best-preserved Prince Gong's Mansion is located on the small lane to the northwest of Beijing's Shichahai, which is famous for its absorbing sightseeing. The mansion was originally the private residence of Heshen, a member of the imperial guard of Qing Dynasty Emperor Qianlong and it was constructed around the year of 1776. Before long Heshen was promoted to position normally occupied by the most experienced officials, enabling him to acquire great wealth. The aging Qianlong did nothing to curb Heshen's corruption but his successor, Emperor Jiaqing had Heshen executed and his property was confiscated. Eventually around the year of 1850, the mansion was passed to Prince Gong and it is his name that was to become that of the mansion.

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